What is the difference between Totalitarianism and Fascism?

Key Difference: The main difference between totalitarianism and fascism is that under totalitarianism, the government controls all aspects of society, while under fascism, the government allows private enterprise to exist but maintains tight control over it.

In addition, fascists believe in the superiority of one group over all others, while totalitarians do not necessarily believe in any group’s superiority.

Finally, fascists are typically opposed to democracy, while totalitarians may or may not be.

What is Totalitarianism?

Totalitarianism is a political system in which the state has complete control over all aspects of society, including the economy, education, art, and religion.

The government typically exercises tight censorship over the media and suppresses any opposition to its policies.

In a totalitarian state, individual rights and freedoms are often subsumed to the needs of the state.

What is Fascism?

Fascism is a totalitarian political ideology that glorifies the state and subordinates the individual.

It requires complete obedience to the leader, or dictator, and harshly suppresses any opposition.

The goal of fascism is to create a single-party state in which the government controls all aspects of society.

Totalitarianism vs Fascism

There is a lot of overlap between totalitarianism and fascism, but there are some key distinctions.

In general, totalitarianism refers to a single-party government that controls all aspects of society, while fascism refers to a government that is controlled by corporations or the military.

Totalitarian regimes typically have more severe restrictions on freedom of speech and assembly, while fascist regimes are more likely to embrace violence and racism.

Key Differences

Important differences between Totalitarianism and Fascism are –


Totalitarianism is a political system, while fascism is a political ideology.

Totalitarianism requires complete control over all aspects of life, while fascism only requires complete obedience to the leader and harshly suppresses any opposition.

Government Type

Totalitarianism typically results in a single-party state, while fascism can exist in a single-party or multi-party state.


In a totalitarian state, the government typically controls the economy, while in a fascist state the government may or may not control the economy. So, fascism is not inherently totalitarian.

However, both totalitarianism and fascism typically involve a strong, centralized government with limited economic freedom.


In a totalitarian society, the government controls every aspect of people’s lives.

The government decides what people can do, where they can go, and what they can say.

In a fascist society, the government allows some level of private enterprise but maintains strict control over the economy.

The government decides which businesses can operate and how much they can charge for their products.


In a totalitarian society, the government controls all aspects of education.

The government decides what people can learn, what they must believe, and who can teach them.

In a fascist society, the government allows parents to choose their children’s schools but maintains strict control over the curriculum.

Citizen Cooperation

In a totalitarian state, citizens are required to cooperate fully with the government in order to maintain the stability and security of the regime.

In a fascist state, citizens are encouraged to cooperate voluntarily with the government in order to promote national unity and prosperity.


In totalitarianism, the military is completely controlled by the state.

The state decides which wars to fight, how many troops to deploy, and what type of weapons to use.

The military is also used for internal security purposes, such as putting down protests or quelling riots.

In fascism, the military is still controlled by the state, but it also has a large role in the economy.

The military is used to build infrastructure such as roads and bridges, and to produce weapons and other goods that can be sold to fund the government.


What’s the difference between fascism and dictatorship?

The main difference between fascism and dictatorship is that fascists believe in the superiority of one group (the nation) over all others, while dictatorships do not necessarily hold this belief.

Dictatorships may be more concerned with maintaining order and stability within a country, while fascists typically advocate for aggressive expansionism and militarism.

What’s the difference between totalitarianism and authoritarianism?

Authoritarianism typically refers to a government that is led by a single ruler who has complete control over the country.

Totalitarianism, on the other hand, refers to a government in which the ruler controls every aspect of society, including the media, education, and economy.

What is fascism in simple terms?

Fascism is a type of government characterized by strong central control and limited democracy.

It usually involves aggressive expansionism, militarism, and suppression of opposition.

What is the leader called in fascism?

Duce is a Latin word meaning “leader.” Benito Mussolini, the founder of fascism, was known as il Duce. It’s nothing but a title meaning “the leader.”

What are the 3 components of fascism?

The three components of fascism are rebirth, decadence, ultra-nationalism.

These three concepts are meant to describe the fascist mindset in which the nation is in a state of decline but can be reborn under a strong leader who unites the people.

The ultra-nationalism component refers to the idea that the nation is above all other institutions and should be defended at any cost.

What are the main principles of fascism?

The following principles are generally associated with Fascism:

1. A strong central government with a single leader.
2. Powerful military and police forces.
3. A focus on national identity and unity, often involving the exclusion or persecution of minorities.
4. A belief in the supremacy of the nation-state over all other forms of organization, such as corporations or unions.
5. A focus on traditional values and the importance of order and discipline.

What is totalitarianism in simple terms?

Totalitarianism is a form of government in which one person or party holds complete control over all aspects of society.

Under a totalitarian regime, the individual is not free to express his or her opinions or make choices without the approval of the government.

The media and other forms of communication are tightly controlled, and citizens are often subjected to surveillance and censorship.

What are the 4 characteristics of totalitarianism?

The four characteristics of totalitarianism are:

1) A single party controls the government and all other social organizations.
2) The state regulates almost every aspect of public and private life.
3) Citizens have few rights and little freedom.
4) The leader has complete control over the government and the people.